Child CPR

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3 min 59 sec
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CPR for Children: Guidelines and Procedures

Challenging Circumstances

Performing CPR on a child is a daunting task, and it's crucial to understand the differences from adult CPR.

Distinguishing Child CPR

Respiratory vs. Cardiac: Children usually require CPR due to respiratory issues, unlike adults who often face cardiac problems.

Modified CPR Technique: Child CPR involves a unique sequence - 5 rescue breaths followed by 30 compressions and 2 breaths, repeated until certain conditions are met.

Proper Techniques

Rescue Breaths: For breaths, cover the child's mouth with yours and pinch the nose closed or use a face shield. Provide gentle one-second breaths until you observe chest rise.

Effective Compressions: Place one hand in the chest's centre, pushing down at least one-third of chest depth for 30 compressions, aiming for a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. If needed, use both hands.

Immediate EMS Activation

Bystander Assistance: Always instruct a bystander to call EMS promptly if available.

Call Fast Approach: When alone, utilize the "Call Fast" approach - perform 1 minute of CPR before making the emergency call.

Adhering to these guidelines is crucial for effective child CPR.

Learning Outcomes:
  • IPOSi Unit two LO1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 2.1, 2.2 & 2.3